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Repair Hardwood Floors | Fixing 10 Common Damages

Hardwood Floor Repair | How to Fix 10 Common Damages to Wood Floors


If you have hardwood flooring in your home; you know how wonderful they can be both aesthetically, and in regards to maintenance. 


Contrary to popular belief, having hardwood flooring does not require a huge amount of maintenance (especially if good cleaning practices are used frequently), however- when you need to repair hardwood floors, it can seem overwhelming.

Luckily most of the repairs you will need can be done by anyone, regardless of experience (or lack-there-of) with hardwood flooring. This article examines the top 10 most common damages to hardwood flooring, and provides step by step guides that are easy to follow and show you exactly the steps you need to take to repair your hardwood flooring.



1. How to Remove Pet Urine Stains on Hardwood 


One of the most common problems that people have with hardwood flooring is removing the dark, unsightly stains left behind by a family pet. Accidents happen, and in this case- the best way to fix your floors is to tend to the stain before it becomes a stain. We know that something that isn’t possible, so we have a great DIY solutions for pet owners looking to repair hardwood flooring

What you need:

  • A soft cotton rag
  • Hydrogen Peroxide

How to remove pet urine:

  1. Soak a cotton rag with hydrogen peroxide.
  2. Place the wet rag on the stain and allow it to soak in the wood to bleach out the stain.
  3. Remove the rag, and wipe up any excess hydrogen peroxide.
  4. Allow the floor to dry.

2. How to Remove  Scratches from Hardwood Floors


What you need:

  • wire wool
  • wood cleaner
  • wax stick

How to repair scratches in hardwood floors:

  • Clean the area with the wood cleaner. All dirt and debris must be cleaned away
  • Allow to dry then run scratch with wire wool , making sure to go with the grain
  • Once buffed, used the wire wool to blend area around scratch
  • Use wax stick to blend further, and allow wax to set for 10 minutes
  • Wipe/ buff with soft  cotton cloth

3. How to Fix Squeaky Boards



Fixing creaky boards is easier than you can imagine. For most Californians, there is no such thing as a basement, so there is no way to get under the floor and see the boards and structure that make up the floor. Because of this, we strongly advise against nailing or screwing down boards! You never know what may lie beneath!

What you need:

  • Paintbrush
  • Baby powder

How to fix squeaky boards:

Silence squeaky wood floors by sprinkling on talcum powder. Use a paintbrush to work the powder into the joints between boards and sweep away any excess. For tight spots you can use powdered graphite that's squeezed from a tube.


4. How to Shine Dull Floors


The combination of olive oil and white vinegar does wonders for your wood floors. Add in a little lemon essential oil, and your floors will smell as good as they look. There are some great chemical solutions you can get at any big box retailer that supplies for home improvement needs, but if you prefer a more natural option, this is a great idea for you!

 What you need:

  • 1/4 cups olive oil
  • 1/3 cup white vinegar
  • 12 drop lemon essential oil
  • 5 cups hot water
  • microfiber sponge

 How to:

  • Mix the vinegar and olive oil
  • Add the essential oil
  • Using a microfiber or very soft sponge or rag, dip it into the solution and wring out any excess. The rag or sponge should be damp, NOT WET.
  • One section at a time, wipe with the west side of the cloth and then use the dry side to clean up and create a great shine that smells as wonderful as it looks.

5. How to Repair Gouges in Hardwood Floors


 Depending on how severe the damage is to your hardwood floor, you may need to call in a professional on this one! Gouges happen, and they can really take away from the beauty of hardwood floors. Luckily, in many cases these fixes are simple and easy to do at home!

What you need

  • Matching Wood Putty
  • Putty Knife
  • 150-ggrit sandpaper
  • matching wood finish

How to repair Gouges: 

  • Clean the area with a wood floor cleaner and make sure it is free of dust and debris
  • Fill the gouge with the wood putty
  • Use the putty knife to clear away any excess
  •  Allow filler to set for 2-4 hrs.
  •  Use the sandpaper to sand smooth


6. How to Repair Worn Areas in Hardwood Flooring

repair-word-areas-hardwood-floorsWhat you need:

  • Sand paper (fine grit)
  • Wood Finish and Stain 

How to repair wear spots:

  • Sand the affected area, extending beyond the damaged section of the floor by about an inch. 
  • Going with the grain, paint on a single, very thin coat of stain and repeat as needed, making sure to follow all manufacturer instructions
  • Once the stain matches, apply  finish allowing each coat to completely dry in between application

If your floor is natural unstained wood, then try a few types of floor urethane on your test patch. Water-based urethane will dry clear, while oil-based formulations will impart a slight golden tinge to the floor. See which matches best. Be sure to get the sheen right, whether it be gloss, semi-gloss, or satin.


7. How to Repair Dents in Hardwood Floors


What you need:

  • Iron
  • Cloth Rag
  • Water
  • Sand Paper
  • Finish
How to Repair Dents in Hardwood Floor:
  •  Wet the dent using a small amount of water. The water should be only enough to cover the dent
  • Cover the dent with cloth
  • Using the highest setting, with NO steam, iron over the damp clothing making sure to move constantly
  • Sand, and repeat as necessary
  • Use a small amount of finish to blend into surrounding area

8. How to Replace Single Board in Hardwood Floor


Replacing an entire board is a repair that is, most likely, best left to professionals. However, if you’re the handy, DIY type- then this project is relatively simple provided that you have all of the necessary tools. Make sure to set aside a few hours, because this technique is reasonably difficult, and can be very time consuming to anyone not experienced in wood working.

What you need:

  • Drill 
  • Drill Bits
  • Circular Saw
  • Hammer
  • Chisel
  • Sandpaper
  • Stain
  • Finish
  • Pry bar
  • Wood Putty
  • Flooring Screws

How to Replace Single Board:

  • Drill a hole into the end of each damaged plank with a 1-inch spade bit attached to a drill. Do not drill into the subfloor.
  • Set a circular saw to cut the thickness of the wood plank you are removing. Cut two parallel lines that connect each of the holes you drilled in the previous step.
  • Pry out the narrow strip of wood with a hammer and chisel. Pull the remaining portion of the plank from the tongue and groove connections holding it in place. Pull out any nails with a pry bar.
  • Knock off the exposed tongue fasteners in the flooring using the hammer and chisel.
  • Measure and cut the replacement plank to fit the opening, using a circular saw. Turn the plank over. Use the hammer and chisel to knock off the bottom section of the groove on the plank.
  • Slide the new plank into position. Fasten it to the subfloor with 6d finishing nails set at an angle along each end. Set the nails below the surface with a nail set. Cover the nail heads with a small dab of wood putty. Wipe excess putty off with your finger.
  • Sand any rough edges with fine-grit sandpaper. Apply wood stain to the new plank with a soft cloth. Wipe off excess. Repeat, if necessary, to match the original floor color. Allow the stain to dry overnight.
  • Add a light coat of polyurethane finish to the plank applied with a small brush. Let this coat dry before adding a second coat of finish

9. How to Fix a Loose Board


Repairing a loose board is a much easier process than replacing an entire board. Whether or not a board needs to be replaced should be judged my an experienced, licensed professional

 What you need:

  • Hammer
  • Screwdriver
  • 2 inch wood screws
  • wood filler
  • Sand Paper

How to fix a loose board:

  • Inspect the floor for any nail or screw heads that have raised up.
  • Remove any raised nails with the hammer. Remove any raised screws with the screwdriver.
  • Drill new 2-inch wood screws completely into the empty holes to replace any removed nails or screws. The heads of the wood screws should be countersunk very slightly into the floorboards.
  • Cover the screw heads with wood filler. Use the putty knife to scrape away any excess wood filler and to level the material flush with the rest of the floor.

10. How to Replace a Threshold in Hardwood Floors


Thresholds are made with hardwood trim.
Hardwood floors are installed by interlocking thin rectangular sections called planks. Thresholds, such as where the floor meets the door sill, have trim installed to create an air-tight seal and allow for the natural expansion of a hardwood floor. Hardwood floor thresholds are strips of wood that cover a gap between the floor and the edge of a door sill, making the transition between the two areas even, which prevents tripping.

What you need:

  • The Correct type of threshold to match your floor
  • Pencil
  • 4 by 1/2 wood screws (or cement adhesive)
  • Handsaw

How to Replace Threshold:

  • Measure the gap the threshold needs to fill then purchase the correct threshold piece
  • Cut the threshold trim and its track to fit in the doorway with a hand saw.
  • Set the track of the hardwood threshold trim in the gap between the doorway threshold and the last hardwood floor plank with the open side of the channel facing up. Place the hardwood threshold trim into the track in the floor to determine where the track needs to attach to the subfloor so that the threshold trim touches both sides of the gap. Remove the trim and mark the location of the track on the subfloor with a pencil.
  • Attach the trim track to the subfloor with 4-by-1/2-inch wood screws or cement adhesive. Evenly space the wood screws along the track and drive them into the subfloor with an electric screwdriver, or apply an even layer of cement adhesive to the subfloor and set the trim track onto it with the open side of the channel on the track facing up.
  • Tilt the left end of hardwood threshold trim into place on the left end of the track. Push the left end of the threshold trim down and snap it into place on the track.
  • Continue pushing sections of the hardwood threshold trim down and snapping it into place on the track as you work your way from the left to the right end of the track.


 Author: Admin

Published: 03/14/2016

keywords: repair hardwood floors, diy wood floor repair, how to repair floors, how to repair hardwood floors, how to fix scratches, how to remove pet stains, pet stains, stained floors, repair floors, repair engineered hardwood, repair engineered floors, DIY floor

Contact The Repair Hardwood Floors | Fixing 10 Common Damages Team:

Atlas Custom Hardwood Flooring is a full-service Repair Hardwood Floors | Fixing 10 Common Damages company that can meet all your needs. From sales to refinishing and installations, we offer many flooring services at affordable prices. Contact us at (866) 601-6833.